The current study examines the rhythmical and metric organization of phrases in the classical form of Ottoman Taksim. Taksim is a non-metric form of improvisation in classical Ottoman music. The phenomenon is being taught, presented and analyzed by musicians on a basis of melody with notions such as the melodic development and melodic gravity. Recent computational analysis suggests, in addition, the relevance of rhythmical presence in Taksim. Our research contributes to this line of inquiry. We transcribed and analyzed improvisations from masters of the Taksim field, as registered in the Makampedia database. We found clear rhythmical patterns and structures in improvisations and model those findings with the use of basic music theory. The study widens our perception of musical phrasing and melodic flow, it creates educational possibilities for bridging the gap between non-rhythmical and metric approaches and it gives us new tools for modal music education and performance in educational institutions such as Conservatories. The outcome of the research has been put into practice and it is being under test in various modules of the Turkish Music curriculum at Codarts, University for the Arts, Rotterdam.
5.H.2Séance - Music of the Non-Western World: The Mediterranean and Beyond
Michalis Cholevas is a multiinstrumentalist playing Yayli Tanbur, Ney, Saz and Tarhu. He studied with Masters such as Kudsi Erguner, Ömer Erdoğdular and Erdal Erzincan. He moved to the Nehterlands for an MA in music performance for which he was granted a full scholarship. Michalis currently works at Codarts Rotterdam teaching various modal music modules and supervising the research of Master students. He is a PhD candidate with the subject of Makam Analysis: Makampedia; From Practice to Theory, at the University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Greece.
University of Macedonia Greecem.firstname.lastname@example.org
With a background on classical guitar, performed regularly in the musical scene from São Paulo (Brazil) with the groups Grand Bazaar, Orkestra Bandida and singer Luiza Lian. Soundtrack composer for dance, theatre and cinema, contributed with music for the movie "360", directed by Fernando Meirelles. Also performs solo and in small ensembles, always seeking repertoires that reveal unexpected musical connections. Based in Rotterdam since 2016, is following a Master at Codarts on the fretless guitar.
Codarts - University for the Arts Braziljulianoabramovay@gmail.com